Anorexia is the slang term for anorexia nervosa. The anorexia definition is in which one person limits their calorie intake as well as going to lengths of starving themselves in order to lose weight. The normal and average calorie intake for anorexic beings is that of 600-800 calories a day, a minimum 400-600 less than someone should eat a day. Anorexia statistics state that it is typically diagnosed more in females, nine out of ten times.
What Happens With Anorexia?
When someone starves himself or herself or limits calorie intake to a level this extreme, they are putting their body into starvation mode.
When this happens, any food they eat, little or big, will automatically be stored in as fat, as the body is trying to save itself. In starvation mode, muscle mass begins to fade away and people begin to feel dizziness, headaches, and much more as a side effect of starving themselves.
Symptoms and Effects
The symptoms can be very obvious or very hidden. It does not happen in just one type of weight category and it is often followed by depression. Some anorexia symptoms are as follows:
• Obsessively checking calories
• Extreme weight loss, quickly
• Obsessive exercise
• Mood swings
• Droopy eyes
Amenorrhea is a symptom that happens in anorexic patients that have been experiencing it for prolonged periods of time. This is when the skin starts to discolor itself by turning yellow; the hair starts to fall out and becomes unhealthy and sensitive. These symptoms will allow you to gain knowledge of anorexia tips so you can help out your friend or loved one from becoming extremely unhealthy.
The effects can be worse than anything that has to do with being underweight. Because of the harm done to the body, over prolonged periods of time, a body cannot adapt properly to the food routines an anorexic person is putting themselves through. When this happens, seizures, heart attacks and more are known to happen. A person can also become extremely constipated, develop heart disease, delay their normal growth and much more. With extreme weight loss and lack of vitamins and nutrition, this can also lead to autoimmune disorders, as this will put stress on your adrenal glands.
Mortality Rate and Genetics
It has been proven to be highly inheritable from other families with a percentage of up to 84% from genetics. A lack of serotonin, addiction genetics and many more play into how a person develops it.
There are many triggers to this disease. Triggers happen to victims that do not have it through genetics. These triggers are changes when one goes through puberty as a chemical imbalance may happen and cause one to become anorexic. One does not choose to have this disorder; it is a disease that has a cure but a cure that involves someone else lending a helping hand.
It can happen in children as well as adults. Rapid weight loss in children should always be investigated rather quickly, no matter how large the child is. Quick weight loss can stump the health of the adrenal glands and also cause autoimmune problems for the future while growing. Society as a whole is a playing factor in this disorder and is more of a trigger paired with chemical imbalances and a person’s biological makeup.
There are many risk factors when dealing with eating disorders. For anorexia, occupations, family genetics and life disturbances play into eating disorders. Different careers such as athletes, cheerleaders, entertainment industry professionals and many others are more known to having this kind of disease because they have to pertain to a certain image. Because of this, their fans try to achieve the same look and may follow down the same path unknowingly.
Other signs may include:
• Dry skin
• Easily broken nails
• Low blood pressure
• Swelling or edema
• Heart palpitations
• A loathing for the cold weather
Overcoming this disease is very hard to do by one’s self. This may require treatment or the help of a licensed professional. When you begin talking to someone about your disorder, you may want to recall or write down many things that lead you up to this point. This may include how it started happening, your habits, when it started happening, your last menstrual cycle changes, mood swings and many more things that started happening when the disorder started to grow.
Finding a specialist can be easy, as primary doctors have these specialists on speed dial practically. If you cannot get a hold of a primary doctor, there are hotlines that are prepared to assist with every question. If the case is at an extremely low point, you may need inpatient treatment and recovery over a long period of time including therapy. This will include addressing health issues and concerns that have come up during prolonged experience of an eating disorder. Nutritional counseling, health testing and many more will follow your disorder therapy to ensure that your health is back to pristine conditions again. The most important step in overcoming this disease is mentally and emotionally recovering as that is the reason why someone may slip back into a relapse. Mental happiness is just as important as the rest of your health. Without mental happiness, one may easily slip into an eating disorder again, no matter how much treatment one has gone through.
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